|Version 1 (modified by trac, 10 years ago)|
Trac Installation Guide
The Trac web-based project management tool is implemented as a server side cgi-program. Trac is written in the Python programming language and uses SQLite as an embedded database. For HTML rendering, Trac uses the Clearsilver template system.
To install Trac, the following software packages must be installed:
- Python, version >= 2.1.
- Please keep in mind, that for RPM-based systems you will also need python-devel and python-xml packages.
- Subversion, version >= 0.37. (>=1.0.1 recommended)
- Subversion Python bindings.
- PySQLite, version >= 0.4.3 (>= 0.5 for better performance)
- Clearsilver, version >= 0.9.3
- A CGI-capable web server (we QA-test on Apache2 )
$ python ./setup.py install
This will byte-compile the python source code and install it in the site-packages directory of your python installation. The directories cgi-bin, templates, htdocs and wiki-default are all copied to $prefix/share/trac/ .
The script will also install the trac-admin command-line tool, used to create and maintain project environments. Trac-admin is the command center of Trac.
Note: you'll need root permissions or equivalent for this step.
For more information on installing Trac on specific platforms, see:
To install Trac in a different location, and other advanced installation options, run:
$ python ./setup.py --help
Creating a Project Environment
Trac Environment is the backend storage format where Trac stores information like wiki pages, tickets, reports, settings, etc. A Trac environment consist of a directory containing an SQLite database, human-readable configuration file, log-files and attachments.
A new Trac environment is created with trac-admin:
$ trac-admin /path/to/projectenv initenv
Note: The web server user need write permission to the environment directory and all the files inside.
trac-admin will ask you where your subversion repository is located and where it can find the trac templates directory (the default value should be fine).
Copy (or symlink) "trac/cgi-bin/trac.cgi" to you web servers /cgi-bin/ directory. You can also configure apache to use the "trac/cgi-bin/" directory directly if you like, it's a matter of taste.
Finally edit the apache config and add this config snippet, with filenams edited to match your installation:
Alias /trac/ "/usr/share/trac/htdocs/" #or where you installed the trac docs #You have to allow people to read the files in htdocs <Directory "/usr/share/trac/htdocs/"> Options Indexes MultiViews AllowOverride None Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> # Trac need to know where the database is located <Location "/cgi-bin/trac.cgi"> SetEnv TRAC_ENV "/path/to/projectenv" </Location> # You need this to allow users to authenticate # trac.htpasswd can be created with # cmd 'htpasswd -c trac.htpasswd' (UNIX) # do 'man htpasswd' to see all the options <Location "/cgi-bin/trac.cgi/login"> AuthType Basic AuthName "trac" AuthUserFile /somewhere/trac.htpasswd Require valid-user </location>
Note: When creating a new environment, trac-admin will print a config snippet customized for your project.
You should now have a working Trac installation at:
There you should be able to browse your subversion repository, create tickets, view the timeline etc. Keep in mind that anonymous users (not logged in) can only access a restricted subset of all Trac features.
Please continue to TracPermissions to learn how to grant additional privileges to authenticated users.
For further user-documentation, see TracGuide.